Homeland security and the advancement of U.S. vital interests are extremely complex. It involves the acceptance, actions, and collaboration of personnel across all branches of government. Terrorism, extremism, and transnational crime are at the forefront of international issues confronting America’s policymakers. This threat strikes at the core of the American psyche. Despite the enormous cost and effort to defend its homeland and protect its vital interests, the United States is confronted by an extremely complex problem. It is diametrically opposed to an ideology espoused by people who have declared war on our way of life, an enemy who does not fit the traditional definition, nor follow the precepts, of accepted behavior. The tragedy and lasting impact of the September 11, 2001 attacks against America are not solely represented by the innocent lives lost that day; America itself awoke a different nation the morning after. The attacks struck at the core of America’s vital interests. More importantly, they also struck at the center of every American’s perceived sense of safety and security. American freedom and resilient spirit is the lifeblood of our nation’s economy and appeal to the rest of the world – it enables economic growth, innovation and supports national security. America is faced with several challenges in executing a successful homeland defense and strategic security plan to combat terrorism. A recommendation to improve upon a revised homeland security strategy should incorporate a strong strategic information campaign aimed at educating the public and heightening their level of risk acceptance in relation to the resources supporting homeland security.