Arsene Frederic Jr.

Cultural Diversity in STEM

The United States’ inability to achieve science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce diversity goals has long been attributed to the failure of the academic “pipeline” to maintain a steady flow of underrepresented minority (URM) students (Estrada et al., 2016). These gains require a strategic effort to expand the labor force—increasing the number of well-educated and highly skilled STEM-capable professionals to maintain the pace of producing meaningful technological breakthroughs (Espinosa et al., 2019). Research suggests that the way that campuses deal with diversity can influence Students of Color’s success and persistence (Harper & Yeung, 2013; Hurtado et al., 1998b). Notably, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have been evidenced to play a crucial role in helping to diversify STEM disciplines (Perna et al., 2009). Using the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2012/17 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:12/17), I used the data lab software to conduct a frequency analysis. Further, this study examines gender among students majoring in STEM at HBCUs and aims to answer the following question: How strong is the association between Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Black students pursuing STEM degrees? In this analysis, I examined the percentage of students with a focus on STEM fields as a major field of study for the following variables: race/ethnicity, gender, and Historically Black Colleges/Universities. The wealth of research on African American college students’ experiences primarily focuses on Black female students, since there are twice as many in comparison to male students. Current research is more reflective of female Black college students’ experiences than Black male students. Consequently, this analysis showcases there is a strong association among Black women but a weak association among Black men.

A Case Study on the Drug Enforcement Administration Marijuana Growers Program

This case study was constructed in the Fall of 2019 to bring attention to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA): Marijuana Growers Program. In 2016, the Drug Enforcement Administration announced the use of federal resources to construct the marijuana growers program, which aims to increase the number of licensed marijuana growers to research and examine the effects of marijuana. Since the announcement of this program, cannabis growers across the country sprang into action to submit applications. However, in its initial stages, the statutory landscape complicated the approval process due to the U.S. obligations under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (Single Convention). It is recommended that the DEA routinely analyze regulatory guidelines to improve regulatory policy. Additionally, I recommend compliance centers to be instituted in this program to equip the DEA with the components needed to advance the regulatory objectives of the program and increase accountability. Lastly, I recommend the preparation of an administrative team to provide a clear pathway for trust and confidence as this program develops.